Volume 11, Issue 3 (september 2014)                   IJMSE 2014, 11(3): 32-38 | Back to browse issues page

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Fazli R, Golestani-Fard F, Safaei-Naeini Y, Zhang S. EFFECT OF ZrO2 PARTICLE SIZE ON MORPHOLOGY and SYNTHESIS OF NANO CaZrO3Via MOLTEN SALT METHOD. IJMSE 2014; 11 (3) :32-38
URL: http://ijmse.iust.ac.ir/article-1-680-en.html
Abstract:   (17573 Views)
Well crystallized pure calcium zirconate (CaZrO3 ) nanopowder was successfully synthesized using the molten-salt method. CaCl2 , Na 2CO3, micro-ZrO 2and nano-ZrO 2 were used as starting materials. On heating, Na2CO3 reacted with CaCl 2to form NaCl and CaCO 3. Nano CaZrO 3 was formed by reacting equimolar amounts of in situformed CaCO 3 (or CaO) and ZrO 2 in molten Na 2CO3-NaCl eutectic mixture. CaZrO 3 particle size and synthesis temparture was tailored as a function of ZrO 2particle size. Due to the usage of nano-ZrO 2 , the molten salt synthesis (MSS) temperature was decreased and possible impurity phases in the final product were suppressed. The synthesis temperature was lowered to 800°C and soaking time of the optimal synthesis condition was reduced to 3h. After washing with hot-distilled water, the n-ZrO2sample heated at 800°C for 3h, was single phase CaZrO 3with 70-90 nm in particle size, while the m-ZrO 2sample heated at 1000°C for 3h, was single phase CaZrO 3 with 250-400 nm in particle size. Based on the TEM observation and thermodynamic analysis, the synthesized CaZrO 3 grains retained the morphology of the ZrO2 nanopowders, which indicated that a template formation mechanism play a dominant role in synthesis process
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