Volume 19, Issue 3 (September 2022)                   IJMSE 2022, 19(3): 132-137 | Back to browse issues page

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Abstract:   (4477 Views)
Repeated heat treatment on manganese-bismuth (MnBi) in a tube furnace increases the homogeneity of rare-earth-free magnets. Ferromagnetic low temperature phase (LTP) MnBi is formed after heating Mn and Bi in a ratio of 2:1 at 1000 °C for 1 h and then 400 °C for 1 h. Areas with comparable compositions of Mn and Bi are detected, but some Mn and Bi remains segregate after using this stepped heating 3 times. The subsequent annealing at 340 °C gives rise to higher magnetizations and coercivity than those using 410 °C annealing. Increasing the starting Mn:Bi ratio to 4:1 reduces the coercivity and remanent magnetization due to the increase in Mn oxidation at the expense of ferromagnetic phase.
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Type of Study: Technical Note | Subject: Polymers

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