Volume 2, Issue 3 (Apr 2005)                   IJMSE 2005, 2(3): 9-15 | Back to browse issues page

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Abstract:   (25913 Views)
Dispersion and rheological behaviors of ionically stabilized aqueous alpha alumina suspensions were investigated in various pH values (3, 11) and solid volume fractions (4, 7, 10, 15) Vol% using sedimentation experiment as well as viscosity measurement. Interface separating porous-packed sediment from a relatively clear supernatant at pH 11 was measured over 20 hours with the aim of obtaining linearity range, initial settling velocity, final sediment height and suspension sensitivity factor, whilst it failed to be observed in the case of pH 3 for its turbid supernatant. Thus, the final sediment level instead of interface location was taken into consideration. For all solids loading, final sediment level in the case of pH 3 was smaller than those in pH 11. The interface was observed to be moving downward in a linear fashion, with the steady drive toward an equilibrium state, which was substantiated to be pH and solid loading dependent. As ? increased, linearity time changed in an ascending order. pH 11 suspensions showed good agreement with the well-known Richardson-Zaki equation and displayed dramatic variations in initial settling velocity, whilst it was not the case for pH 3 as understood generally by turbidity observations. In addition, pH and ? appeared to be more effective in giving stability to the suspending systems. On the other hand, rheological behaviors of these suspensions were taken into consideration for better indication of suspension stabilization degree in which suspension yield stress derived using viscosity values was focused. The results showed that ?y at pH 3 is much lower than that of at pH 11. This is a further indication of better dispersion at pH 3. It was also found that for all ? values, pH 3 suspensions were more stable than the flocculated pH 11 ones.
Type of Study: Research paper | Subject: Ceramics