Volume 8, Number 4 (december 2011)                   IJMSE 2011, 8(4): 50-56 | Back to browse issues page


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M. M. Kashani Motlagh, A. A. Youzbashi, Z. Amiri Rigi. EFFECT OFACID ACTIVATION ON STRUCTURALAND BLEACHING PROPERTIES OFABENTONITE. IJMSE. 2011; 8 (4) :50-56
URL: http://ijmse.iust.ac.ir/article-1-383-en.html

Abstract:   (21364 Views)
 A natural bentonite obtained from Khorasan, Iran, was submitted to acid activation with sulphuric acid. Sample aliquots (5gr)
were leached with 100 ml H2SO4 solutions of various concentrations (2–7N) at 80±2 oC for 2 hours. X–ray diffraction, chemical analysis, infrared spectroscopy and specific surface area measurements were performed in order to evaluate important structural modifications occurring as a result of acid attack. Octahedral sheet was affected by acid activation resulting into the dissolution of cations (Mg2+, Fe2+, Al3+) and consequent decomposition of montmorillonite structure. Bentonite samples were then tested in order to verify their capacity to bleach colza–soybean oil, and their performances were compared to that of a commercial bleaching clay. The bleaching ability of the natural clay was poor when compared with that of the industrial adsorbent. Acid activation of the bentonite sample with 7N sulphuric acid yielded an adsorbent material which was highly efficient in the bleaching of the oil functioned better than the commercial clay product under the same conditions.
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