Volume 18, Issue 1 (March 2021)                   IJMSE 2021, 18(1): 110-117 | Back to browse issues page

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Ranjbar Motlagh S, Momeni H, Ehsani N. Study on the Post-annealing Process of Nb-Hf Alloy Produced by Spark Plasma Sintering. IJMSE 2021; 18 (1) :110-117
URL: http://ijmse.iust.ac.ir/article-1-2022-en.html
Abstract:   (3882 Views)
In this study, the effect of annealing treatment on microstructure and mechanical properties of Nb-10Hf-1Ti wt.% produced by Spark Plasma Sintering (SPS) was investigated. Scanning electron microscope (SEM), optical microscopy, X-ray diffraction analysis, hardness, and uniaxial tension test were used. Annealing treatment was carried out in a vacuum of 10-3 Pa at 1150 °C for 1, 3, 5, and 7 hours and in an argon atmosphere at 1350 °C for 5 hours. Internal oxidation and subsequent hafnium oxide formation causes the hardening of the C103 alloy and drastically increases hardness and tensile strength. Although HfO2 particles formed in the grain boundary cause brittleness and cleavage fracture of samples. Volume fraction, particle size, and mean interparticle spacing of oxides significantly change by annealing and subsequently the mechanical properties are affected. The SPSed sample at 1500 ℃ is softened by annealing at 1150 ℃ for 5 hours and its hardness and yield strength are reduced from 303 Hv to 230 Hv and 538 MPa to 490 MPa respectively. While annealing at 1350 ℃for 5 hours increases hardness and yield strength increases to 343 Hv and 581 MPa. 
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